Fewer transcripts were found in neuroblasts of E17 corpus callosum, and neuroblasts of P7 corpus callosum, olfactory bulb, plexus chorioideus, and Ventriculus lateralis than in other brain areas.
The midgut is composed of a central Ventriculus, two lateral caeca, a globular colon and a postcolon with two tubiform postcolonic diverticula. The most common cells forming the epithelium of Ventriculus and caeca are squamous and cuboidal. The spatial measurements of the three-dimensional model suggest that the paired caeca and central Ventriculus occupy 55.1 and 34.6%, respectively, of the total volume of the alimentary canal and may play the key role in food digestion..
METHODS: Eighty brain injured Wista rats were randomly divided into a control group with brain injury alone (n=20) and a treatment group(n=60) which were further evenly divided into Group A (transplanted through the vena caudalis), Group B (transplanted through the Ventriculus cerebri lateralis), and Group C (transplanted through the injured brain area).
A laryngocele is a rare benign dilatation of the anterior part of Ventriculus Laryngis.
The radiographic examination showed a dilatation of the proVentriculus, Ventriculus and gut. The pathological examination showed an atrophy of the ventricular muscles and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates of the myenteric plexus of the proVentriculus, Ventriculus and gut as well as moderate lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates of the cerebrum with moderate neuronophagia.
pegreffii are morphologically distinguishable based on Ventriculus length, wherein the former has longer Ventriculus (0.90-1.50 mm) than the latter (0.50-0.78 mm). For oesophagus/Ventriculus ratio, these two species are distinguishable only during L4 and adult stages.
A total of 41 of the 84 patients studied (49%) showed specific IgE to Ani s 5 that was detected among the excretory-secretory products and immunohistochemically located at the excretory gland, Ventriculus, and the luminal surface of the intestinal epithelium of the larvae..
(Acari: Acaridae) is produced by distinct cells located in the Ventriculus.
The Ventriculus and the midgut caeca of the fed females of Anystis baccarum (L.) were investigated by using light and electron microscopy. In addition to the main type of polyfunctional digestive cells, special secretory cells were detected in the anterior region of the Ventriculus.
The adaptation of lysozyme for digestive activity and bacteriophagy was based on: (i) high lysozyme activity in SGME, and (ii) the correlation of maximum lysozyme activity at acidic pH values, corresponding to pH in the Ventriculus and caeca. We show that the digestion of fluorescein-labeled Micrococcus lysodeikticus cells began in Ventriculus and continued during the passage of a food bolus through the gut.
The Ventriculus terminalis is a small cavity inside the conus medullaris that is formed during the embryonic development. Previous reports regarding cystic lesion of the Ventriculus terminalis (CLVT) in adults have detailed a broad and diversified distribution in terms of clinical symptoms, clinical evolution, neurological findings, and treatment.
Coloured latex was injected into the left Ventriculus of the hearts of all the animals.
The research so far suggests that movement can occur by either a transcellular or an intercellular pathway in the Ventriculus with most of the research describing the former.
The Ventriculus terminalis (VT) is a small ependyma-lined cavity within the conus medullaris that is in direct continuity with the central canal of the anterior portion of the spinal cord.
It consists of the foregut (pharynx, esophagus), midgut (Ventriculus, caeca, colon, intercolon, postcolonic diverticula, postcolon), and hindgut (anal atrium). Eight cell types form the whole gut: (i) simple epithelial cells forming fore- and hindgut; (ii) cells that probably produce the peritrophic membrane; (iii) regenerative cells occurring in the Ventriculus, caeca, colon, and intercolon; (iv) spherite cells and (v) digestive cells forming the Ventriculus and caeca; (vi) colonic cells and (vii) intercolonic cells; and (viii) cells forming the walls of postcolonic diverticula and postcolon.
On postmortem examination, hemorrhages were observed in the duodenum, ceca, proVentriculus, Ventriculus, trachea, pancreas, and brain.
The large darkly pigmented tumor was located in the coelom, extended from the apex of the heart to the cloaca, and was adherent to the intestines and the Ventriculus.
These larvae were characterized to present large size, excretory pore situated near of the base of ventrolateral lips, presence of short intestinal caecum dorsal to oesophagus, Ventriculus less than seven times as long as wide and absence of mucron.
Other affected organs included eyelid, muscle, proVentriculus, Ventriculus, intestine, liver, spleen, lung, and heart.
The flow of nutrients through the digestive tract of Gryllus bimaculatus is regulated by the proVentriculus, which effectively triturates the partially digested food coming from the crop and shoves the mushy nutrient mass into the space between the paired caeca. The remaining, mostly undigested food is shoved into a tube formed by the peritrophic membrane, which is first formed at the anterior end of the Ventriculus. A mucous membrane (peritrophic gel) covers the caecal epithelium, and seems to merge with the true peritrophic membrane at the beginning of the Ventriculus. The Type I peritrophic membrane is dragged posteriorly through the entire Ventriculus and ileum by the posterior movement of the food bolus, which is shoved posteriorly at a rate of 6 mm/h by proventricular pressure. Peristalsis does not occur in the midgut or ileum; the muscles in these regions function solely to counteract the internal pressure produced by the proVentriculus. The crop weight decreases from day 1 to day 3 as the weight of caeca, Ventriculus, and ileum increases.
The midgut of Dermestes maculatus has a cylindrical Ventriculus with anterior caeca. There is no cell differentiation along the Ventriculus, except for the predominance of cells undergoing apocrine secretion in the anterior region. Apocrine secretion affects a larger extension and a greater number of cells in caeca than in Ventriculus. Feeding larvae with dyes showed that caeca are water-absorbing, whereas the posterior Ventriculus is water-secreting. Midgut dissection revealed a PG and a peritrophic membrane (PM) covering the contents in anterior and posterior Ventriculus, respectively. Amylase and trypsin occur in contents and decrease along the Ventriculus; the contrary is true for cell-membrane-bound aminopeptidase.
On gross pathologic examination, widely disseminated white nodules were found on the serosa of the pro-Ventriculus, gizzard, and intestine, as well as on the surface and in the parenchyma of liver, spleen, and cardiac muscle.
The Ventriculus is spherical, and the cecum is short relative to the esophagus.
Massive amounts of adult stages of trichostrongyloid nematodes were diagnosed in histological specimens of the proventricular mucosa and under the koilin layer of the Ventriculus. The worms were isolated from the proVentriculus and identified as L.
Before reperfusion, z-DEVD-fmk (7 microg/kg) was injected into the ischemic side of Ventriculus cerebri of C group rats.
Histologic examination revealed extensive multifocal perivascular lymphocytic infiltration in brain, marked heterophilic hyperplasia in bone marrow, and multifocal interstitial lymphocytic infiltration in heart, pancreas, Ventriculus, and skeletal muscles.
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The Ventriculus terminalis of the conus, or "fifth ventricle" refers to the ependymal-lined space in the middle of the conus that is present in childhood and whose persistence into adulthood is rare. A number of cases of cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis have been described in adulthood. Lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis. CONCLUSION: Cystic dilation of the Ventriculus terminalis should be part of the differential diagnosis for a cauda equina syndrome; surgical decompression with simple cyst drainage can result in excellent clinical results..
Sites of intracellular metal deposition in the midgut Ventriculus and in the proventricular glands of Xenillus tegeocranus (Hermann, 1804) (Acari: Oribatida) were studied by TEM. A large number of electron-dense granules (EDGs) were detected: concentric spherocrystals were observed mainly in the epithelium of the midgut Ventriculus, while homogeneous dark granules were found exclusively in proventricular gland cells.
In this study we histologically and histochemically describe the Ventriculus of Dolichoderus bispinosus.
Greenish liquid in the crop, proVentriculus and Ventriculus, and yellow fluid in the small intestine were seen more often in YPDS-affected pigeons.
The anterior Ventriculus ("stomach") region is found to have much lower mitochondrial densities than other midgut regions. The posterior Ventriculus possesses a distinctive cellular architecture consisting of hemispherical, domed apical membranes surrounded by deep clefts. Functional and morphological heterogeneity is revealed within the posterior Ventriculus, with the anterior end dominating the electrical profile of isolated, perfused preparations and showing the greatest response to serotonin.
Severe aspergillosis and ulcers in the Ventriculus were found only in group 3 birds, probably because of stress associated with attempted rehabilitation at the rescue center.
The Ventriculus terminalis (VT) is a dilated cavity within the conus medullaris of the spinal cord.
Surprisingly, coordinated size increase (hypertrophy) of the Ventriculus was observed accompanied by cell division and muscle layer formation. Hypertrophy of the Ventriculus correlated with a decrease in ecdysteroid hormone receptor B1 (EcRB1) protein, and furthermore could be suppressed by a heat-inducible EcRB1 transgene.
Physical examination and radiography revealed marked enlargement of the Ventriculus and a single, large foreign body within the Ventriculus in each individual.
It was immunologically confirmed for the first time that alpha-glucosidase I was present in Ventriculus, and alpha-glucosidase II, in Ventriculus and haemolymph.
Bilateral intracerebroventricular infusion of nomifensine (9 micrograms in each Ventriculus) produced an increase in both the rate of firing and the theta modulation of medial septal neurons; the theta power of the hippocampal EEG also augmented.
Partial or complete impaction of the proVentriculus and/or the Ventriculus is usually seen in juvenile ostriches. Clinical examination revealed distended and firm proventriculi, while radiographs showed foreign objects in the proventriculi of all birds and the Ventriculus of one of them.
When germ fraction was fed, relative organ weights remained constant through all concentrations except for the Ventriculus and duodenum at 7.5 and 10% inclusion levels.
Structures that were consistently identified included the esophagus, proVentriculus, Ventriculus, duodenum, jejunum, proximal, and distal rectum.
INTRODUCTION: Ventriculus terminalis is the name given to a congenital disorder that consists in the appearance of a small oval ependymal cystic cavity in the conus medullaris. The aim of this study is to describe the findings obtained by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging concerning the dilation of the Ventriculus terminalis in a symptomatic patient. CONCLUSION: The Ventriculus terminalis is the ependymal cavity that lies in the conus medullaris.
Three dog heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) were detected in the lumen of the right cardiac Ventriculus and of the pulmonary artery of a captive female snow leopard (Uncia uncia) that died of pancreatic carcinoma at a zoo in Japan.
Diagnostic morphologic characteristics included an unpaired excretory gland (renette cell), Y-shaped lateral epidermal cords, no apparent reproductive system, and a Ventriculus (glandular esophagus).
A benign cystic dilation, also called dilated Ventriculus terminalis, occasionally can be seen in the conus medullaris as an incidental finding at thoracolumbar MR imaging.
Three weeks later, because of a recurrence of dyspnea, excision of the prominent wall of an obstructing cystic lesion was performed in the Ventriculus Morgagni..
Density of glands with least length, width & thickness is maximal in the walls of the laryngeal Ventriculus in comparison with vestibulum and cavitas infraglotis of the larynx.
Thirty minutes after administration of 20 mL/kg of a 25% barium sulphate suspension directly in the crop, in all birds the Ventriculus was totally outlined by barium. The barium-outlined Ventriculus had differences in shape on radiographs of individual birds and also between birds. Contractions of the crop were seen, and boluses of contrast medium passing through the esophagus toward the proVentriculus were easily identified. Proventricular contractions were rarely noted, but Ventriculus motility was present and clearly defined. The Ventriculus had a mean of 3.7 contraction cycles/min.
Diseases affecting the proVentriculus and Ventriculus often present with similar clinical signs. A basic understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the proVentriculus and Ventriculus is useful in integrating the pathophysiology and clinical signs associated with variable disease processes.
Using this method, the crop, Ventriculus, intestines, and cloaca could be demonstrated sonographically; whereas, it was not possible to visualize the normal proVentriculus in granivorous birds.
Histopathologic examination revealed multicentric bile duct hyperplasia and cholangiocarcinoma as well as segmental papillary hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma in the proVentriculus, Ventriculus, and throughout the intestinal tract.
It does not irritate mucosa of duodenum and Ventriculus.
According to our data Ferosol-1 is of low toxicity (LD50 = 2.25 g/kg), it does not irritate mucosa of duodenum and Ventriculus and could be used orally.
Whole body radiographs revealed a 2-mm diameter, circular, dense object in the Ventriculus. Bulk diet therapy with freQuent high fiber gavage feedings was unsuccessful at removing the foreign body and the lead object was ultimately retrieved from theVentriculus using endoscopy.
beta-glucosidase has been purified from the Ventriculus and honey sac of Apis mellifera using a combination of anion- and cation-exchange, hydroxyapatite and gel-permeation chromatography. The pH optimum of the purified beta-glucosidase from the Ventriculus and honey sac are 5.0. MALDI-TOF-MS peptide mass maps of purified beta-glucosidase from the Ventriculus, honey sac and hypopharyngeal glands showed six matching masses. These results indicate that the beta-glucosidase isolated from the hypopharyngeal glands, honey sac and Ventriculus is the same. From the honey sac, this enzyme is transferred into honeycomb cells and the Ventriculus..
In the present study, the occurrence of endocrine cells producing FMRFamide, gastrin 1 and CCK-8 in the midgut (Ventriculus) of Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Hymenoptera, Apidae), before, during and after the metamorphosis, were investigated by means of pre-embedding immunofluorescence techniques.
The Ventriculus terminalis is a cavity situated at the level of the conus medullaris, enclosed by ependymal tissue and normally present as a virtual cavity or as a mere ependymal residue. In rare cases, and almost exclusively in pediatric age, the Ventriculus terminalis may be visualized by radiological investigations, either by sonography or MRI, and represents a transient finding in children under 5 years of age. In pathological conditions, a cyst of the conus medullaris is probably the result of a persistent Ventriculus terminalis and is usually described in children in association with a tethered cord; in a very limited number of cases, it has been described in adults whose clinical symptoms consist of neurological and/or sphincter disturbances not associated with other pathologies.
In one observation several commissures were situated between electrocardiograms of atrium and Ventriculus, not permitting to reveal trustworthy the presence of AVB potential..
Good images of the heart and its major vessels, proVentriculus, Ventriculus, intestines, liver, and kidneys could be obtained.
Petechial haemorrhages and ulcerations predominantly at the proventricular-ventricular junction and sloughing of the necrotic koilin layer of the Ventriculus were inconsistently present. Heterophilic exudation was present in the terminal portion of the proVentriculus, where the greatest numbers of the organism were found.
Radiographic findings included increased densities within the air sacs, and coelomic endoscopy revealed numerous slender worms within the air sacs and on the serosal surfaces of the ovary, oviduct, liver, proVentriculus, and Ventriculus.
In the 3.8 yrs follow-up period at average all the patients were alive, in majority of them satisfactory function of right systemic Ventriculus was noted..
Normal variants such as transient dilatation of the central canal and Ventriculus terminalis can be demonstrated with US.
However, the cells of the first and the third Ventriculus were much more sensitive to PHA than those in the second Ventriculus.
The muscular stomach (Ventriculus) was filled with pieces of acorns, and the abdominal cavity contained bloody aqueous fluid. In order to uncover the cause of death, we determined pyrogallol in liver and kidney of one dead pigeon and in Ventriculus contents of both pigeons by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. A further aim of our study was to compare pathologic findings and pyrogallol concentrations in kidney, liver, and Ventriculus of poisoned pigeons with those of healthy pigeons. Altogether, the acorn-filled Ventriculus, the pathologic findings, the well nourished state, and the high pyrogallol concentrations in the dead pigeons suggest an acute pyrogallol poisoning by acorn.
The Ventriculus terminalis or "fifth ventricle" is an ependyma-lined residual lumen of the caudal portion of the spinal cord (the conus medullaris). We present the cases of three neonates with asymptomatic cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis as seen on spinal sonography. Over a 4 year period (1996-1999), we prospectively found three cases in which spinal sonograms demonstrated cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis of the conus medullaris in normal term neonates. Sonograms of the lumbosacral spine of two of the infants demonstrated cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis of the conus medullaris. Cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis is an unusual but normal anatomic variant of the conus medullaris that can be visualized on spinal sonograms in neonates..
The new species differs from the descriptions of von Linstow (1906) and Maplestone (1930) in the number of interlabial ridges, the form of the Ventriculus and absence of lateral alae.
During the 1991-1998 yrs period there were operated on 20 patients with coarctation of aorta (CoA), aged up to 1 year old, in whom the ejaculatory fraction (EF) of left Ventriculus (LI) was not exceeding 40%.
The larva was 38.3 x 1.0 mm in size and had a cecum reaching to the mid-level of the Ventriculus.
We realize this technique is available because this method can relieve the left Ventriculus of the pressure load and operate via only median sternotomy..
This was thought to most likely represent a dilated Ventriculus terminalis, and the diagnosis was confirmed on a subsequent MR image (Fig.
Diameter and shear of the proVentriculus-Ventriculus junction, jejunum, and ileum segments were measured, as were gallbladder length and width. Thoracic and abdominal viscera, liver, and Ventriculus weights were determined, and liver surface color was measured. Percentage body weight loss increased with longer feed withdrawal periods, as viscera, liver, and Ventriculus weights decreased. Diameter of the proVentriculus-Ventriculus junction, jejunum, and ileum decreased with longer feed withdrawal periods. Shear values for the proVentriculus-Ventriculus junction, jejunum, and ileum were not influenced by time off feed.
We report the MRI findings in two patients with cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis. In both cases the markedly dilated Ventriculus terminalis was seen as a rounded cavity with regular margins, the content of which gave the same signal as cerebrospinal fluid with all MR pulse sequences.
In the abdomen of the homozygote, a part of the Ventriculus, liver, and small intestine protrudes out of the umbilicus region.
The length of the oesophagus, combined proVentriculus and Ventriculus, small intestine, and large intestine formed 24.2-28.4%, 7.3-9.7%, 40.5-55.1% and 9.1-14.7% of the total alimentary tract length respectively.
However, only the lamina propria of the chicken and quail proVentriculus and Ventriculus showed positive binding.
Of 7 patients with the syndrome of right Ventriculus hypoplasia one have died, of 27 patients with the single venticular heart-3..
The coronary arteries shunting was performed in four elderly men with severe coronary heart disease, complicated by stagnant heart insufficiency and right Ventriculus insufficiency (RVI). One patient could not be disconnected from the artificial blood circulation (ABC) apparatus till the venous shunting (VS) to atherosclerotically strictured right Ventriculus anterior branch of right coronary artery was not accomplished.
Lowering of contractile ability of "arterial" Ventriculus and the LAVV insufficiency progress were the causes of follow-up results changing for worse.
During the year 1985 we studied and treated a voluminous Ventriculus laryngis cyst, which record was then published on this Journal.
MRI showed a large cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis.
Schizonts were commonly observed within nuclei of digestive cells of the Ventriculus and within the cytoplasm of cells lining the cecal wall and in muscle tissue underlying it. Sporoblasts and spores occurred in the nuclei and cytoplasm of digestive cells within the Ventriculus, in cortical regions of the sub- and supraesophageal ganglia, within the cecal wall and muscle tissue, and in parenchyma cells underlying the cuticle.
METHODS: After injection of TS (75 micrograms) into Ventriculus lateralis cerebri (VLC) the changes of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were observed and the contents of monoamines both in peripheral blood and brain (telencephalon, diencephalon, brainstem) were measured respectively by HPLC-ECD and fluorophotometry.
From cephalic to caudal regions the alimentary tract consists of esophagus, ingluvies or crop, proVentriculus or glandular stomach, Ventriculus or muscular stomach, small intestine, well-developed ceca, and rectum. In the proVentriculus, the depth of the compound glands is greatest in N.
Results showed endogenous beta-galactosidase activity in a variety of organs including the larval intestine, spiracles, lymph glands, cellular epidermis, and eye-antenna imaginal discs; the pupal cellular epidermis, lymph glands, imaginal tissues, fat body, and spiracle; and the adult pericardial cells, thoracic nephrocytes, Ventriculus, and reproductive system.
Yohmbine also completely inhibit the increase of beta-endorphin in the push-pull liquids from Ventriculus lateralis cerebri caused by EA.
The Ventriculus terminalis, or fifth ventricle, is an ependymal-lined residual lumen of the caudal most portion of the spinal cord (the conus medullaris). Over a 2-year period (1993-1995), we prospectively found five cases in which spinal sonograms showed the Ventriculus terminalis of the conus medullaris in term neonates. The Ventriculus terminalis is a normal anatomic variant of the conus medullaris that can be visualized on spinal sonograms in neonates..
From whole mounts and cross sections of the larvae the Ventriculus, intestinal cecum and a Renette cell were found characteristically at the same plane.
The right Ventriculus cordis showed a significant increase in weight after 3 and 2 weeks' hypoxia. In the Ventriculus cordis of rats exposed to hypoxia for 2 and 3 weeks, NOS mRNA had no significant change..
PURPOSE: To determine the appearance of the Ventriculus terminalis of the conus medullaris and the frequency with which it is seen on MR. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic localized dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis is a normal developmental phenomenon that can be seen on MR..
Large masses of matted fescue grass (Festuca spp.) distended the Ventriculus and jejunum.
Nine of these 13 patients presented with a widening of the distal part of the central echo complex (one had a dilated Ventriculus terminalis).
Radiopaque objects were evident in the crop and Ventriculus. Because lead fragments remained in the Ventriculus after lavage, chelation treatment was instituted.
Volume of the contents of the proVentriculus and Ventriculus were less than anticipated.
73 x 0.94 mm in size, had an intestinal cecum reaching over mid-level of the Ventriculus and was identified as the 4th stage larva of P.
Endothelin-1-immunoreactive cells are present in the main region of the midgut (Ventriculus) and in the midgut caeca but not in the ampullae through which the malpighian tubules drain.
This process leads only to the formation of the primordia of the filum terminale and Ventriculus terminalis and, possibly, part of the conus medullaris.
ir-cGnRH I cells were located: along the medial aspect of the Ventriculus lateralis, nucleus accumbens, and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis; ventral to the tractus septomesencephalicus and extending medially to the third ventricle, and caudally into the lateral hypothalamic area; and in a diffuse band extending from the nucleus preopticus medialis to the nucleus dorsomedialis anterior thalami.
Ultrasonogram, computerized tomographic scan, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a dilation of the right lateral Ventriculus, a mass on the pontocerebellar angle, agenesia of the corpus callosum, an arachnoidal cyst on the right hemisphere, microcalcifications, and pachygyria.
Larvae perforated the Ventriculus in 3 to 5 hr and caused hemorrhage and bacterial peritonitis that sometimes progressed to a fibrous peritonitis with extensive adhesions.
The massive accumulation of a clear white gelatinous mucus adherent to the inner surface of the Ventriculus plus a severe necrosis of the glandular layer were the only consistent findings. The zygomycete Rhizopus oryzae was isolated from the Ventriculus of all the affected ostriches..
Gross and histopathological lesions in the proVentriculus, Ventriculus, and brain were similar to those previously reported.
MR findings in four patients with MR evidence of congenital cystic dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis were reviewed retrospectively. The Ventriculus terminalis is a small cavity of the conus medullaris that forms during embryonic development as result of canalization and retrogressive differentiation. The dilated Ventriculus terminalis appears on MR images as a small ovoid cavity with regular margination; intralesional fluid resembles cerebrospinal fluid on all MR sequences. After injection of contrast material, MR imaging shows no enhancement of the cyst or its wall, and thus differentiates congenital dilatation of the Ventriculus terminalis from cystic tumors, which occur more frequently in this region..
The boundary between the enlabium and prelabium of lip was clearly visible and the esophageal Ventriculus was also observed.
Sometimes curious foreign bodies placed in the proVentriculus/Ventriculus of companion birds are causes of single case diseases.
In the hypothalamic region, terminals were found to be just lateral to the rostral part of the third Ventriculus and the bottom of the lateral margins of the hypothalamus, which we termed medial (MRH) and lateral (LRH) retinorecipient hypothalamic nucleus.
The larvae were 1254 +/- 60 microns long and 36 +/- 6.7 microns in diameter at the Ventriculus, figures which are substantially different from some published results..
(lateral Ventriculus) injection of colchicine prevented the analgetic effects of these drugs during 5 +/- 1 weeks with subsequent recovery..
The Ventriculus terminalis ends usually at the level of Co.V.1 and the spinal cord generally at Co.V.5.
Experimental group: ACI rat PTG was transplanted into the Ventriculus lateralis of F344 rats.
A cannula was chronically implanted in the rat Ventriculus, and anticonvulsants were administered through the cannula.
In addition developmental analysis shows that the proteasome is highly expressed in the CNS of stage-16 embryos and in cardia, Ventriculus and ovaries of adult flies.
Normally the proVentriculus and Ventriculus are dilated without visible intestinal changes. The histopathological lesions, however, such as perivascular cuffs in the brain stem and muscular mass of the Ventriculus and proVentriculus, were similar to earlier reports.
Two adenocarcinomas of the proVentriculus and an adenocarcinoma of the Ventriculus are described in psittacines.
It consisted of the bulbus cordis, the Ventriculus, and the atrium, each of which consisted of a thick myocardial tube and a thin endocardial tube.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).
Epimastigote forms initially multiplied rapidly in the Ventriculus and midgut of Cimex. Electron microscopy of infected bugs revealed that there was no attachment to epithelial cells of the Ventriculus or midgut, but within the rectum epimastigotes were attached by their flagella to the cuticle of the rectum by hemidesmosomes.
The fourth, outer layer of the peritrophic membrane originates over the brush border of the cuboidal midgut cells, which connect the cardia with the Ventriculus..
Aggressiveness of dominant male mice of different genotypes was studied after administration of 6-OHDA into the brain lateral Ventriculus.
Large numbers of virus particles were identified by electron microscopy in the epithelial cells of the Ventriculus of the bedbug, Cimex lectularius.
Two years later, her illness was diagnosed as presenile dementia by characteristic personality change and marked dilatation of anterior horn of lateral Ventriculus. On section, frontal and temporal Ventriculus were remarkably enlarged and caudate nuclei were extremely atrophic..
The present investigation was made in rabbits and cats with perfusing mock cerebrospinal fluid into fourth Ventriculus to produce experimental diffusion intracranial hypertension.
Chronic deprivation of CA-systems activity by neonatal administration of 6-OHDA (100 mg/kg subcutaneously) and their acute deprivation by intracerebral administration of 6-OHDA to adult rats (150 mkg in each lateral Ventriculus) was accompanied by similar deep changes of behaviour.
The "caudate spindle" was significantly enhanced by microinjections of morphine and enkephalins into the lateral Ventriculus, the thalamus, the midbrain reticular formation and the hippocampus but not the caudate nucleus, and the effects of these agents were completely antagonized by prior administration of naloxone.
During the investigation of the right heart Ventriculus tissue and aorta by histochemical method of Todd in our modification the decrease of fibrinolytic activity in wall of aorta (on 80%) and in tissue of heart Ventriculus (on 30%) has been revealed in tentative animals as compared with control ones.
The worm was 25.76mm long and 0.66mm wide, and had the intestinal cecum reaching to anterior one-third level of Ventriculus and a mucron at posterior end.
A nematode measuring approximately 1.25 mm by 42 micron, excised in a granuloma from the eye of a child in East Africa, was identified as a third-stage ascaridoid larva of a type having no Ventriculus or cecum and bearing conspicuous lateral alae..
The proVentriculus and Ventriculus contained a pellet of fur and bone fragments, at the center of which was the leg of a Red-Tailed Hawk. A talon on the leg had punctured the Ventriculus, resulting in fatal pleuritis and peritonitis..
Affected ducks developed caseonecrotic plaques throughout the upper alimentary tract, especially in oropharynx and Ventriculus.
The influence of changes in length of the frog isolated atrium and Ventriculus upon the isometric twitches was investigated. The stretch to 0,35 induced the 5.04 +/- 051 fold increment of active tension in Ventriculus and 1.75 +/- 0.12-fold increment of active tension in atrium. An additional effect of activation by the length in normal solution was estimated for Ventriculus as 22 +/- 5% and for atrium as 30 +/- 7%.
In the alimentary tract, necrosis of the epithelium on the tips of villi in the duodenum was followed by necrosis of the epithelium of villi and crypts in the small and large intestine, and of mucosal epithelium of the proVentriculus and Ventriculus.
The lateral brain ventricle (Ventriculus lateralis) of the rat on the frontal serial histological slices was studied.
In this paper the third brain ventricle (Ventriculus tertius) of rat was studied on the frontal histological slices.
are characterized by flat lips with alate margins and notches, without dentigerous ridges, excretory pore in front of or at nerve ring and the Ventriculus with short appendices.
Feeding gradedlevels of zinc in a casein-gelatin diet to young Japanese quail with 109Cd (as the chloride) and 0.062 ppm added cadmium decreased the cadmium concentrations in the proVentriculus-Ventriculus, duodenum, jejunum-ileum, and the liver, but not in the kidney.
in Africa and Australia respectively and are characterised by lips with a rostral plate, without interlocking processes or dentigerous ridges, with well-developed interlabia, lobulated Ventriculus, and excetory pore in front of the nerve ring. These species occur in Crocodylus, Caiman and Alligator and are characterized by flat lips with alate margins, without anterior rostral plate, interlocking processes or dentigerous ridges, with weakly developed interlabia, by an irregular-shaped Ventriculus, excretory pore behind or between the subventral lips, and by the presence of lateral alae or cuticular thickenings in the oesophageal region.
They include a descending pathway along the tractus tegmentalis centralis, a caudal pathway entering the corpus medullaris cerebellaris via the lateral wall and roof of Ventriculus quartus, and an ascending pathway along the tractus tegmentalis centralis giving off branches to the commissura posterior, tractus habenulo-interpeduncularis, centrum medianum and n.
Immunoreactive material was found in small perikarya, situated at both sides of the Ventriculus communis in the area dorsalis pars medialis of the telencephalon.
Increased concentrations of free and esterified cholesterol, free fatty acids and triglycerides were observed in atrium dextrum and triglycerides in Ventriculus dexter as compared with either the corresponding left-side parts of the heart muscle or with septum interventriculare. Content of cholesterol esters, free fatty acids and triglycerides was higher in atrium dextrum as compared with Ventriculus dexter.
Histopathologic examination of brain, liver, testes, pancreas, small intestine, Ventriculus, spleen, kidney, lung, and heart failed to reveal lesions in either control or treated groups.
The Ventriculus mesencephali is localized in front of the cerebellum and forms a recessus of the dorsal wall of the aquaeductus mesencephali.
Since noradrenaline microinfused into the hypothalamus produced a fall in blood pressure, it does not seem that hypotensive effects of diazoxide are mediated through release of noradrenaline in areas of the luain accessible from the Ventriculus tertius cerebri.
The Ventriculus mesencephali in the rat proceeds in the colliculi posterior region from the mesencephalic aqueduct in the dorsal direction. The cylindrical cells, which occur in all parts of the Ventriculus mesencephali, are the most numerous. The cuboid cells are localized mainly in the anterior part, the flat ones in the posterior part of the Ventriculus mesencephali. The histological variability of ependymal cells may point to the active participation of these cells in functional processes, even within such a small part of the ventricle system as the Ventriculus mesencephali..
Explants of peripherical nervous system (PNS), skin and Ventriculus cordis from chick embryo were cultivated in Maximow chambers and the effect of Solcoseryl, Fa.
Biosynthesis of sarcoplasmic proteins was inhibited by 34-40% in Ventriculus dexter of the perfused xenogenic heart.
The Ventriculus mesencephali of golden hamsters protrudes, in the form of a short channel, from the upper wall of the aquaeductus Sylvii in dorsal direction, between the third and fourth ventricle. The morphological characteristics of ependyma in the region of Ventriculus mesencephali, as well as the close contact of the ependymal cells with capillaries, allow to suppose an active participation of these cells in the exchange of various substances also in this part of the brain ventricle system..
The data indicated a rapid evacuation of fluid marker from the foregut (crop, Ventriculus, and proVentriculus), while particulate markers were retained for extended periods of time. Retrograde movement of particulate marker was demonstrated from the duodenum to Ventriculus and proVentriculus.
Caudally, a few fluorescent cells were observed in the lateral wall of the Ventriculus quartus near the velum medullaris superior.
The average pH's for laying hens were: crop 4.88, proVentriculus 5.27, Ventriculus 4.77, duodenum 5.57, jejunum 6.15, ileum 7.82, and colon 6.65.
Wistar rats were given phentolamine into the Ventriculus lateralis.
The Ventriculus or midgut of adult fleas of the genus Ctenophthalmus (Hystricopsyllidae) is surrounded by a complex investment consisting of a "beaded layer," circumferential and longitudinal muscles, minute fibrils of the sort commonly called collagenous, and a granular layer at the boundary of the hemocoel.
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