Tractus Isthmo-opticus

In the mid-brain, cells in the ocular nerve complex and the Tractus isthmo-opticus were strongly stained for GHRG-1 mRNA, with less intense staining in the central gray.  

The Tractus isthmo-opticus showed nicotine adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase activity throughout the investigated period of life of the chicken, but the tractus tectoisthmo-opticus was unstained.  

isthmo-opticus (NIO) and associated ectopic neurons (EN) as well as the Tractus isthmo-opticus (TIO).  

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